Electrical safety and safety standards for PV installations represent a particular challenge for the operator Like every complex technical installation, a PV installation can also produce hazards. In addition, due to its nature a PV installation places high requirements on the system safety technology with its large voltage fluctuations. The often physically extensive PV installations are also subject to a heterogeneous range of climatic conditions such as UV radiation, heat, frost, moisture, salt and other environmental eff ects, e.g. rodent damage. As a consequence far-reaching safety standards apply to PV installations. This article addresses the requirements from the standards and how they can be implemented.

Dipl.-Ing. Dieter Hackl

Ungrounded systems – the heart of a reliable supply of electrical power

The advantages of modern manufacturing and process installations can only be exploited if the supply of electrical power is also reliable. Unexpected ground faults in the installation can result in undesirable failures of the supply. As early as the selection of the system used for the supply of electrical power along with the related protection devices and monitoring equipment, it is possible to lay the basis for a high level of protection for personnel and equipment, as well as for trouble-free operation.

Wolfgang Hofheinz, E.Eng,
Torsten Gruhn, E.Eng,
Andy Moeschl, P.Eng/MBA

Insulation resistance – testing – measuring – monitoring

The isolation resistance is particularly important for the prevention of damage and injury, and for the reliability of electrical systems and equipment. On the one hand it is basis for the protection of individuals and systems, on the other hand it also serves as an important indicator for the condition of an electrical installation. Depending on the life cycle of a system or an item of equipment, the isolation resistance is to be tested, to be measured or also to be monitored.

Electrical safety for DC systems

Low voltage DC systems (LV DC systems) play an important role in an ever increasing number of applications. The increasing importance of renewable energies is one of the reasons. Photovoltaic installations generate DC that can be stored in decentral battery installations. In addition there are a large number of loads that can be operated in an energy efficient manner with DC, such as electric vehicles and railway rolling stock or lighting installations. The DIN VDE 0100 series of standards is also definitive here for the electrical safety in the DC installation, however the specific requirements for DC systems must be observed.

Dipl.-Ing. Harald Sellner

A safe trip all the time – with reliable power supply

The failure of navigation and drives fail may raise considerable problems concerning the operation of the ship. But this is not the only reason why safe electric power supply on modern ships plays a major role. Power supply systems of diff erent safety relevance and diff erent voltages require a diff erentiated distribution and supply concept including the respective monitoring devices in order to prevent unexpected operational interruptions and possible hazards in a comprehensive way.

Dipl.-Ing. Harald Sellner, Leiter Technisches Marketing


Why the IT system is often the best choice for power supply systems of all types

The ungrounded system is a type of system infrequently used com-pared to the TN or solidly grounded system – but it would often be the better alternative.

Dr. Dirk Pieler, CEO

The new dimension in insulation monitoring

The general view of the electrical supply is mostly simply that "electricity comes out of the wall socket". This easy to understand, but very superficial statement, also reflects a lack of concern among the population about electrical safety. The specialist world has been treading new ground in the areas of power generation, power distribution, safety and the related applications for decades. For this reason, the related standards are continuously revised, new standards written and scientific findings implemented, for example on protection against electric shock.

Dipl.-Ing. Harald Sellner

Essay: Charging Elec tric Vehicles - Protection against Electric Shock by DC Fault Current Sensor Units

In electromobility subjects a mutual exchange of information and the necessary knowledge transfer between power suppliers and vehicle developers are essential and the results are implemented into the standards. Protection against electric shock, for example, is particularly important in charging electric vehicles. 

Dipl.-Ing. Wolfgang Hofheinz, Dipl.-Ing. Harald Sellner, Dipl.-Ing. Winfried Möll

published in: ATZelectronik, 05122012, Volume 7, Springer Automotive Media | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH

Essay: IT System as Success Factor in Large-Scale Photovoltaic Plants

The productivity of a photovoltaic system can only be guaranteed...

Andreas Möschl

published in:  AOGM Technical & Business News, Sept 2010, APRC (The Arab Petroleum Research Center), Paris

Essay: Electrical Safety in Solar Power Plants

Isolation Monitoring in Large Solar Power Plants in MASDAR Near Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.

Andreas Möschl

published in: AOGM Technical & Business News, Mai 2010, APRC (The Arab Petroleum Research Center), Paris

Essay: Insulation Monitoring in High Voltage Systems for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

As a consequence of recent developments in electric drives in vehicle manufacture there are new aspects to be addressed in the protection of individuals and systems. The battery voltages used at DC 120 V to DC 1000 V are way beyond protective extra low voltage...

Dipl.-Ing. Holger Potdevin

published in: ATZelektronik 06/2009 Volume 4, Springer Automotive Media | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH

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