- Ungrounded System
- Ground fault location
Ground fault location: The concept
How does a ground-fault location system work?
A ground-fault location system comprises a ground-fault test device and a ground-fault evaluator connected to one or more measuring current transformers. The ISOMETER® of the iso685 series features a built-in ground-fault test device.
- Start ground-fault location by activating the ground-fault test device ISOMETER®.
- The ground-fault test device briefly connects the live conductors to ground.
- Electronic current limiting, this connection and the ground fault create a closed circuit, in which a test current is determined by the system voltage flows. The test current is limited to a maximum value.
- The test current pulse flows from the ground-fault test device via the live conductors, the ground fault Rf and the ground wire (PE conductor) and back to the ground-fault test device.
- The test current signal is detected by all measuring current transformers on the circuit and evaluated by EDS ground-fault evaluators.
- The fault location can be identified using the assignment between measuring current transformers and circuit.
Automatic ground-fault location/permanently installed systems
The ground-fault monitoring device with built-in ground-fault test device, the ground-fault evaluator and the associated measuring current transformers are components of the installation. Ground-fault location is started automatically by the ground-fault monitoring device.
Manual ground-fault location/portable systems
Manual ground-fault location can be implemented to meet the following requirements:
- In addition to permanently installed EDS systems, a portable ground-fault evaluator is used for ground-fault location in secondary outgoing circuits.
- If the installation does not have an ground-fault test device, a portable ground-fault test device is used.
- If the IT system has been de-energized, a portable ground-fault test device with built-in measuring voltage source is used.
Distinguishing features of main circuit/control circuit
The essential difference in the two applications is in the significantly reduced test current for application in control circuits and/or the response sensitivity.
Characteristics of switching function:
- All measuring channels are scanned in parallel during ground-fault location.
- The max. scanning time is ≤ 10 s.
- At the end of this time the relay contact switches the faulty measuring channel concerned.
- This switching contact can be used to disconnect the faulty outgoing circuit via a contact element.